Prevention of Blindness 1st of April

Prevention of Blindness Week 2015

Prevention of Blindness Week 2015 would be celebrated from Wednesday (1st of April) to the Tuesday (7th of April).

About Prevention of Blindness Week

The Prevention of Blindness Week campaign is planned by the Government of India which is held from 1st to 7th April for increasing the awareness towards the blind people. Blindness is a big issue and painful condition for the people who are suffering from it which cannot be felt by those who have eyes. Though the campaign has been organized to aware almost all citizens all across the country in order to understand the value of eyes for the blind people. India has a lot of people who are blind by birth or because of the accident.

There are 10 million people who are suffering from the blindness in our country. The worldwide number of the blind people is approximately 37 million. The government of India has organized a campaign to aware the people as well as offer better opportunities to the blind people by establishing the variety of institutes, agencies, hospitals etc. Through the week people get education related to healthcare and eye care. At some places in India the affected people do protest for their right which must be available to them.

Some of the educational institutional are dedicated to offer the education to the blind students but still they need more attention. In order make the campaign successful, the various departments, publication houses, NGOs should have to work together. Eye donation is the most effective way to provide real support to the blind people as well as bring a permanent light in their dark life. The aim of the campaign is to pay attention over various risk factors that lead to the eye injuries which can cause visual impairment. People need education of all possible eye problems, complications including the periodic eye checkup from an ophthalmologist, nearest eye clinics, which facilitates checkup facility.

The campaign involves well educated health personnel from the government departments, voluntary agencies and state health education bureau which are working to increase the awareness towards program. It is very necessary to alert and awaken the people about all the factors causing blindness. According to the statistics it has been noted that India has the largest number of blind people. And almost one among the three is blind. The major causes of the blindness are trachoma, cataract, vitamin A deficiency, malnutrition including the shortage of optometrists and donated eye. Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan are most affected states with blindness.

When it was started:

Prevention of Blindness Week was first started by the Jawaharlal Nehru and Raj Kumari Amrit Kaur in the year 1960 under the Societies Registration Act of 1860. Another campaign “The Right to Sight” was launched by the WHO for the prevention of the blindness.

Varieties of events and activities are organized by the Government and non Government institutions and organizations on the day:

  • Community health centers are organized in order to offer the free educational material, knowledge of eye care, eye ailments, free eye check up of the refractive errors, cataract detection as well as offering free eye spectacles to the affected person.
  • Free eye camps are held to provide eye health education, preventing measures of the congenital eye diseases through the rubella and measles vaccination.
  • Varieties of posters, leaflets are displayed at the schools for better awareness.
  • Various eye camps are organized for the better awareness among people for the eye and cornea donation for being transplanted to the needed one.

History of PIN code 15th of January

The pin code week is celebrated every year from 15th of January to the 21st of January to distribute the message about pin code importance. Every document has a small rectangular box which again has six partitions to fill up the pin code number of the particular place. This box is generally ignored by the people and left unfilled. This small box represents a steering wheel of the letter for the postal department.

Pin Code Week 2015

Pin code week 2015 was celebrated from 15th of January (Thursday) to the 21st of January (Wednesday).

What is a PIN code

The full form of the PIN is Postal Index Number which is known by the name pin code or pin number. Pin code is a 6 digit’s unique number which has been allotted to the post offices. It helps a lot in delivering the mail all over the India. This pin code denotes the real address and ensures where the letter has to be reached.

How does PIN code work

To work the pin code system very well, the whole country has been divided into the eight PIN zones. States of the country is indicated by the particular number and direction wise such as:

  • Number 1 denotes the Northern pin jones like Haryana, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Jammu & Kashmir.
  • Number 2 denotes the other Northern pin jones like Uttar Pradesh and Uttaranchal.
  • Number 3 denotes the Western pin jones like Rajasthan and Gujarat.
  • Number 4 denotes the other Western pin jones like Maharastra, Chattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh.
  • Number 5 denotes the Southern pin jones like Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.
  • Number 6 denotes the other Southern pin jones like Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
  • Number 7 denotes the Eastern pin jones like Orissa, West Bengal and North Eastern.
  • Number 8 denotes the other Eastern pin jones like Bihar and Jharkand.

As pin code is a number of six digits, first digit indicates pin zones (states or region), second and third digits indicates district (where the delivering post office is located), next three digits indicates the exact post office (where the letter is to be sent).

History of PIN code

Pin code system was first opened to the public on 1st of April in the year 1774. At that time it was of only 3 pin jones such as Bengal (whole Eastern and Northern regions), Madras (whole Southern regions) and Bombay (rest of the regions). After becoming an independent India, pin code system was divided into eight pin jones.

Organ Donation Day 6th of August

About Organ Donation Day

Organ Donation Day in India is celebrated on 6th of August every year by the people, government organizations and other related professions in order to motivate normal human beings to donate the organs as well as to understand the value of organ donation in the life of an individual. The organ donor can be anyone of which the organ can be transplanted to the patient urgently require. The organ donated by the normal human being is saved properly to transplant into the patient whenever he or she require. One can get the new life through the organ transplantation donated by someone.

Organ Donation Day 2015

Organ Donation Day 2015 would be celebrated at Thursday, on 6th of August.

Importance of Organ Donation

According to the report, at least more than 5 lakhs of the Indians are dying every year just because of the failure of their major functioning organs anytime. They still want to live their life as they are not fully satisfy with their life and want to live more but just because of the natural calamities they are unable to do so. The organ transplantation could play a major role in their beautiful life by increasing their period of living a life more than expectations. The donor of the organs plays a role of God in the life of organ transplanted person. One organ donor can save more than 8 lives in his life by donating his well function organs. The Organ Donation Day campaign which is celebrated every year at August 6th provides a great opportunity in everyone’s life to come ahead and pledge to donate their precious organs.

It’s the honor of medical researchers who had experimented for years with many failures for getting the successful results over the organ donation as well as organ transplantation in the life human beings. Finally they got the successful result over the crucial process of organ transplanting. The organs which can be successfully transmitted are kidneys, livers, Bone marrow, hearts, lungs, cornea, pancreases, small bowels through the medical treatments. The organs transplantation and donation both of the process can be successfully done because of the development of immunosuppressive drugs which can increase the survival rate of organ recipients.

Because of the growth and development of the new technologies and therapies in the modern life, the need of the organ transplants is continuously increasing with the great extents which need more organ donation every year. Instead of availability of the great technologies and therapies the death rate has increased because of the shortage of transplant-able organs.

Objectives

  • To aware the people about the need of organ donation.
  • To distribute the messages of organ donation all over the country.
  • To remove the hesitations of the people about donating organs.
  • To say a grateful thanks to the donors of the organs.
  • To motivate and encourage more people towards organ donation in their life.

Which organs can be donated?

  • Kidney
  • Lungs
  • Heart
  • Eye
  • Liver
  • Pancreas
  • Cornea
  • Small Intestine
  • Skin tissues
  • Bone tissues
  • Heart valves
  • Veins

There are many initiators of the organ donations in the society; one of them is The Times Of India who is distributing the message of organ donation all over the world through the effective and real news on the daily basis including statistics about the organ donation need and its fulfillment. The news of the TOI brings a hope among the people who really needs the organ transplantation. It has given the great message under the title of “Life Can Begin After Death”. According to it, A big number of patients who have organ failure and need the organ of some other person to continue their life all over the India. The need of the organ transplantation can only be fulfilled by the process of organ donation after the brain death. But still the rate of organ donors in our country is very less just because of the myths and confusions in donating organs. Be the real hero of your family and your great country in your life by donating your precious organs to someone who need it very seriously.

Statistics according to Times of India

The most of the organ donation in the country is performed annually between the relatives means the person donate the organs only to his relatives. Around 4000 kidney and 500 liver live donations are being carried out by relatives to their patients only annually in the various hospitals. They donate one kidney and ¾th of their liver (as it can regenerate to the normal size after six weeks). Around 20 heart and lungs are transplanted annually at the center in Chennai whereas the demand is high. 2 lakhs cornea transplantation is required per year whereas only 50000 are being donated. There is a little action by the Indian people instead of the high awareness about the topic because of their misunderstandings and lack of clarity.

How and where to donate organs

Top NGO’s of the country are involved in:

  • Mohan Foundation
  • Gift Your Organ Foundation
  • Shatayu
  • Gift A Life

Oil and Gas Conservation Week and Fortnight

Oil and Gas Conservation Week and Fortnight

Oil conservation week is celebrated every year, from 4th of January to the 10th of January, by the people worldwide in order to increase the awareness all across the world regarding to the importance of conservation of the petroleum products. The celebration for the oil conservation goes whole week by the contribution of PCRA (Petroleum Conservation Research Association) as well as oil industries under the leadership of Petroleum and Natural Gas Ministry. It was first staretd in the year 1991. From then, it is being celebrated every year to encourage people of the entire country as well as to increase the effectiveness of the campaign of oil conservation.

Oil Conservation Week 2015

Oil conservation week 2015 was celebrated from 4th of January (Sunday) to the 10th of January (Saturday).

Why Oil and Gas Conservation Week and Fortnight is Celebrated

Oil conservation week celebration is very necessary in order to raise the awareness about saving petroleum products among people. Petroleum products are being used by the people in many ways such as power plants, industries, fertilizer, commercial, domestic, transport sectors and so many. The demand for both petroleum products and gases are increasing day by day, which is very necessary topic to take for the future safety. Thats why the campaign is renamed as the Oil and Gas Conservation Fortnight instead on only Oil Conservation Fortnight since 2004.

The air pollution has increased a lot because of the petroleum products which has great impact on the Taj Mahal (world heritage monument). Petroleum products used in the industries and vehicles release various pollutants and emissions which affects our living environment.

How it is Celebrated

Variety of activities takes place during the oil conservation week celebration. It is celebrated by the entire oil industry under the guidance of ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas. The aim of the campaign is distributed among the people through the activities based on the topic about need and importance of conserving both the petroleum products as well as environment protection. Some of the activities which involves the campaign celebration are listed down below:

  • The message of the oil conservation campaign is distributed by the door publicity.
  • Print media and the electronic media also plays a great role in campaigning the message.
  • Variety of training programs are held during the whole week celebration.
  • Kisan meals
  • Campaign related literature is distributed all over the country through the technical meetings.

Some of the activities are organized at the state level by the Oil Industry Coordinators under the guidance of Regional Level Coordinators. School children and teachers also involved in performing the activities related to the campaign for which they get award according to their performance.

The oil conservation week celebration is very necessary in order to decrease the ever increasing space between demand and supply of the petroleum products and oil. In order to make more effective the oil conservation campaign all over the country, Government has started the whole week celebration.

During this celebration, a range of steps are taken to promote the petroleum products conservation in the following sectors like industrial, transport, agricultural, domestic and etc. Workers of the different sectors are given training which includes various adopting measures and practices for increasing the fuel efficiency in transport sector, household sector, boilers, furnaces, oil operated equipments and etc. household sector.

Tree plantation has been started in the Mathura (to reduce the effect of sulfurous emissions from the Mathura Refinery) and in the surrounding areas of Taj for the maintenance purpose.

The supply of the natural gas and hydrocracker technology has been started to the Mathura Refinery to decrease the sulphurous emissions from Mathura Refinery.

What Steps has been taken for Oil Conservation

  • In order to create the mass awareness towards the need of petroleum products conservation, multi media campaigns are also planned by the authority and oil marketing companies.
  • Variety of lubricants has been launched by the oil marketing companies in order to increase the efficiency of petroleum products and save.
  • Compressed Natural Gas (CNG, started by the GAIL in the year 1992) technique as a fuel in the transport sector has been implemented by the government of many countries to save the petroleum products and make the environment clean and pollution free. CNG is very safe and sound environment friendly burning fuel which has been implemented to reduce the drain of discharges such as hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, lead, sulphur and etc in the environment in comparison to other fuels. A conversion kit has also been launched to successfully implement CNG in the petrol vehicles.
  • A programme is also in the process in order to replace the kerosene use in the textile pigment printing. The objective of this programme is to get 40% kerosene conservation.
  • Various effective and result-oriented petroleum products conservation methods have been implemented in the oil sector.
  • Supply of petrol without lead (lead free petrol) and low sulphur diesel has been started by the government throughout the Agra in order to save the Taj Mahal by the pollution.

Objectives of Celebrating the Oil Conservation Week

  • It is celebrated to raise the awareness among people about the necessity of petroleum conservation.
  • Various activities are held to increase the effectiveness of oil conservation campaign.
  • To make the environment pollution free by replacing the use of petroleum products with other efficient measures.
  • To save the world heritage monuments from the pollution by the by products of the petroleum products.

Navy Day in India 4th of December

Navy Day in India

Navy day in India is observed on 4th of December every year to celebrate the magnificence, achievements and role of the naval force to the country. Indian navy is the marine branch (means naval branch) of the India’s armed forces which led by the President of India as a Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Navy. The Maratha emperor, Chhatarpati Shivaji Bhosle of the 17th century is considered as “Father of the Indian Navy”.

Navy of the India plays a great role in securing the marine borders of the country as well as enhancing the international relations of India through many ways like seaport visits, joint exercises, humanitarian missions, calamity relief and etc. Modern Indian navy has as undergone speedy renovation in order to improve the position of navy to the Indian Ocean region. According to the report, the strength of the Indian Navy includes of 58,350 personnel, an aircraft carrier, a big transport dock, 15 frigates, 8 guided missile destroyers, 24 corvettes, 13 conventional submarines, 1 nuclear attack submarine, 30 patrol vessels, 7 mine countermeasure vessels including variety of auxiliary ships.

Navy Day 2015

Navy Day 2015 in India would be celebrated at Friday, on 4th of December.

Navy Day Celebration

India would celebrate the 42nd anniversary of the Indian navy this year (2013) on 4th of December in order to remember the daredevil attack on the naval base of Pakistan, at Karachi. In order to celebrate this occasion, the Western Naval Command of the Indian navy (headquarter is Mumbai) bring their ships and sailors for making the celebration excellent.

All the activities which to be conducted on the celebration of the event are planned by the eastern Naval Command at Visakhapatnam. Wreath laying ceremony is held at the war memorial (at RK Beach) followed by the operational demonstration to show the potential and resourcefulness of the naval submarines, ships, aircrafts and unique forces. Various aircrafts are shown by flying over the RK Beach that’s why people are requested by the authorities to keep the beach clean and litter free (avoid throwing food items) to keep away the birds in that particular area for smooth demonstration of the aircraft (as presence of birds in the sky because of food items may cause hazards to the aircraft).

Why Navy Day is Celebrated

Navy Day in India is celebrated to commemorate the courageous attack on the Karachi harbor during the Indo-Pakistan war (at 4th of December in the year 1971) by the Indian Naval Missile boats as well as to reverence all the martyrs of that war. It is celebrated using a particular theme (like “Safe Seas and Secure Coasts for a strong Nation”) of the year for making it more powerful and potent.

A community service for the navy of India is conducted by the Naval Institute of Aeronautical Technology (NIAT) from 24th of November to the 26th of November at Good Hope Old Age Home, Fort Kochi in which the students from the Navy Children School Chair take parts to entertain the inmates and Naval doctors (from INHS Sanjivani) provides medical checkup to the inmates. Navy Ball, Navy Queen contests including the Navy fest are held to celebrate the navy day.

At this day the warships and aircrafts of the Indian naval are open to the visitors such as school children.  The Military Photo Exhibition is also performed by photojournalists of the Ernakulum in the Navy fest.

Themes of Navy Day

  • Theme of 2015 is “Indian Navy – Ensuring Secure Seas for a Resurgent Nation.”
  • Theme of 2012 was “Indian Navy – Maritime Power for National Prosperity”.
  • Theme of 2008 was “Reaching Out to Maritime Neighbours”.

National Youth Day 12th of January

National Youth Day (Yuva Diwas or Swami Vivekananda Birthday) is celebrated with the great joy and enthusiasm in India every year on 12th of January. It is celebrated to commemorate the birthday of Swami Vivekananda, maker of the modern India. It was first declared by the Government of India in the year 1984 to celebrate the birthday of Swami Vivekananda as the National Youth Day. Since then (1985), it is started celebrating as the National Youth Day all over the country.

National Youth Day 2015

National youth day (Yuva Diwas or Swami Vivekananda Birthday) 2015 was celebrated all over India on 12th of January, at Monday.

History of National Youth Day

It is well known that the Government of India had declared to observe the National Youth Day every year on the birthday of Swami Vivekananda on 12th of January. It was decided by the Government of India in order to inspire all the youths of country towards the philosophy of Swami Vivekananda and his ideals. The birthday of the Swami Vivekananda was decided to be celebrated as the National Youth Day to complete the aim of making better future of the country by motivating the youths through the way of life and ideas of the Swami Vivekananda.

It is the aim of great importance of distributing the ideas and ideals of the Swami Vivekananda among the youths of India. It is the great way to wake up the eternal energy of the youths as well as their big efforts to make the country developed.

National Youth Day Celebrations

 

Swami Vivekananda was born on 12th of January in the year 1863 in the Pausha Krishna Saptami tithi. The birthday of the Swami Vivekananda is celebrated every year at many centres of the Ramakrishna Math, Ramakrishna Mission and their branch centres according to the Indian culture and tradition. A great mangal aarti, hoom, devotional songs, meditation, religious speech as well as the sandhya aarti is performed while celebrating the birthday of the Swami Vivekananda.

Activities on National Youth Day

National Youth Day (Yuva Diwas or Swami Vivekananda Birthday) is celebrated by the youths at all the schools, colleges by performing the parade, speech on Swami Vivekananda, recitations, music, songs, conventions, Yogasanas, presentations, competition for essay-writing, seminar, sports and etc. Lectures and writings related to the ideas of Swami Vivekananda are also performed by the students to inspire the Indian youths.

Variety of other performances are also carried out by the people participated in the event all over the India as well as outside the country in order to promote education, art, way of life, trust among youths inspire their inner soul.

An event for two days for all the age group is organized by the Mission Bhartiyam in Uttar Pradesh. This event includes dozen of activities and named as the Basti Yuvo Mahotsav. The day is celebrated by the government, non-profit organizations as well as corporate groups in their own way.

The event celebration is started in the early morning with the pooja of Holy Mother Sri Sarada Devi, Sri Ramakrishna, Swami Vivekananda and Swami Ramakrishnananda. A great hoom is performed after the pooja by the Monks and devotees. Then devotees offer pushpanjali and aarti to the statue of Swami Vivekananda. In the end, distribution of Prasad takes place.

Why National Youth Day is Celebrated

Philosophies, teachings and ideas of the Swami Vivekananda are the great cultural and traditional assets of India. Youths are the most important part of the country who leads the country ahead, that’s why youths are selected to be inspired first by the ideas and ideals of the Swami Vivekananda. So, the National Youth Day is started celebrating every year to encourage and inspire the honourable youths of the India. Schools and colleges are delightfully adorned to enthusiastically celebrate the event.

Swami Vivekananda was a great person who always believed in the youth power to lead and nourish the historical culture of the country and carry some advancement required by the country to be developed.

National Voluntary Blood Donation Day

About National Voluntary Blood Donation Day

National Voluntary Blood Donation Day is getting celebrated in India at 1st of October every year to share the need and importance of the blood in the life of an individual. It was first started celebrating on 1st of October in the year 1975 through the Indian Society of Blood Transfusion and Immunohaematology. Indian Society of Blood Transfusion and Immunohaematology was first established at 22nd of October in the year 1971 under the leadership of Mrs. K. Swaroop Krishen and Dr. J.G. Jolly.

National Voluntary Blood Donation Day 2015

National Voluntary Blood Donation Day 2015 would be celebrated at Thursday, on 1stof October.

Objectives

  • To make aware the people all over the country about the importance of the voluntary blood donation.
  • To successfully achieve the target of Voluntary Blood Donation to fulfill the urgent need of the needy patients.
  • To store the blood in stock in blood banks for any urgent and serious requirement.
  • To promote and emphasize the self esteem of blood donors through a lot of thanks.
  • To motivate and encourage people who are not interested in donating blood even being a healthy person.
  • To stimulate people to donate blood voluntarily who are interested in donating blood only to their relatives or friends.

Transfusing or donating blood or its components to the needy person has become very important part of the humanity in the modern health care system. It does not matter who is the blood donor or blood receiver, a donor can be a receiver in the future as well as a receiver can be a healthy donor in the nearest future. So donating blood without any expectation is the great humanity and vital part in the life saving process. Do not donate blood only to your relatives or friends, donate blood to voluntarily for any human being is the real humankind as it can save many lives.

In order to prevent the blood transmitting diseases through the blood transfusion, it becomes very mandatory to carefully investigate (through the advanced testing techniques like nucleic acid testing) the every unit of collected blood to prevent the life threatening diseases such as the AIDS, syphilis, Hepatitis-B, Hepatitis-C, malaria and many more. Blood donation should be encouraged by the voluntary blood donors only as their blood is safe instead of professional or paid blood donors. Voluntary blood donors never tells a lie and become agree for advance testing of their blood as they really want to save the precious life of someone.

To make aware the people towards the blood donation, a variety of events, awareness programmes, camps and supplementary promotional activities are organized in all states at the National Voluntary Blood Donation Day. There are various criteria for the blood donors according to the Drugs and Cosmetics Act 1940. The age of blood donors should be between 18 – 60 years, weight 45 kg or above, pulse rate range 60 to 100/ minute, BP normal, Hb 12.5gm/100ml and body temperature should not exceeds 37.5 degree centigrade.

Importance

Blood is vital component of the human life as it provides the crucial nourishment to the body tissues and organs. National Voluntary Blood Donation Day is celebrated to bring the great changes in the society in order to follow the life-saving measures and prevent the serious illness caused by the violence and injury, child birth related complications, road traffic accidents and many more conditions.

Safe blood donation saves many lives of all ages and from all walks of life every year. The states, Tripura, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal and Maharashtra, are considered as the national level voluntary blood donors. Tripura, a North Eastern State of the country, is considered as the highest level of voluntary blood donor in India with 93% as well as Manipur is considered as the lowest in the country.

It is necessary to celebrate this day at a great level to remove the ignorance, fear and misconceptions of the general public towards the voluntary blood donation campaign. Voluntary organizations of the country are paying their valuable time and using their resources in order to encourage the students/youths, colleges, institutions, clubs/NGOs and etc.

National Science Day 28th of February

National Science Day is celebrated all over India with great enthusiasm on 28th of February every year in order to commemorate the invention of the Raman Effect in India by the Indian physicist, Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman on the same day in the year 1928. For his great success in the field of science in India, Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman was awarded and honored with the Nobel Prize in the Physics in the year 1930.

National Science Day 2015

National Science Day 2015 in India was celebrated on 28th of February, at Saturday.

History of National Science Day Celebration in India

28th of February, 1928 was the great day in India when an invention in the field of Indian science was completed by the famous Indian physicist, Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman. He was a Tamil Brahmin and first one in the science, who had researched such invention in India. To commemorate and honor this event always in the future, 28th of February was asked to the Indian Government to designate as a National Science Day in India by the National Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC) in the year 1986.

From then, the national science day was started celebrating all across the India as a great event in the field of Indian science. It is celebrated every year by students, teachers, scientists and researchers in all the schools, colleges, universities, educational institution including scientific, academic, medical, technical and research institutions of India. On the first celebration ceremony of the National Science Day in India, the National Council for Science and Technology Communication had declared the institution of the National Science Popularization awards in order to recognize an excellent and wonderful endeavor in the field of science communication and popularization.

Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman had worked from 1907 to 1933 at the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Kolkata, West Bengal in India during which he had researched on many topics of the Physics from which the Raman Effect (effect on scattering of light when passing through different materials) became his great success and discovery which has been marked in the Indian history. For his big invention he was honored through the various Indian awards including the Nobel Prize in the year 1930. From the year 2013, the “Raman Effect” has been designated as an International Historic Chemical Landmark by The American Chemical Society.

During the national science day celebration of the year 2009, the Indian Department of Science and Technology has awarded the five Indian institutions through the National Award for Science Communication in order to recognize the big efforts and achievements of the Indian scientists of the government and non-government organizations for popularizing and leading the modern science in the country. The Vikram Sarabhai Community Science Centre was given the highest award in the year 2009 to recognize its big contribution to the science.

The national science day has been started getting celebrated as the Science Carnival to recognize scientific activities and programs by the participation of students from school and college, scientists from the state and national faculties. This event celebration has provided a real platform for various new comer scientists to fix their feet and bright their career in the science profession.

How National Science Day is Celebrated

National science day is celebrated as one of the main science festivals in India every year during which students of the schools and colleges demonstrates various science projects as well as national and state science institutions demonstrates their latest researches. The celebration also includes public speech, radio-TV talk shows, exhibitions of science movie, science exhibition based on themes and concepts, watching night sky, live projects and researches demonstration, debates, quiz competitions, lectures, science models exhibitions and many more activities.

It is celebrated every year with immense passion at the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (also called GMRT) at Khodad which is a worldwide famous telescope getting operated at low radio frequencies by the NCRA (National Centre for Radio Astrophysics) established by the TIFR (Tata Institute of Fundamental Research).

Variety of activities is organized by the NCRA and GMRT at the ceremony of national science day celebration in order to recognize their leading research activities in the field of radio astronomy and astrophysics. Variety of programmes is also held for the common public and student community to popularize the science and technology in the country.

The minister of science and technology give a message through his speech at this day to the students, scientists, researchers and general public of the nation.

Objectives of Celebrating National Science Day

  • National Science Day is being celebrated every year to widely spread a message about the significance of scientific applications in the daily life of the people.
  • To display the all the activities, efforts and achievements in the field of science for human welfare.
  • To discuss all the issues and implement new technologies for the development of the science.
  • To give an opportunity to the scientific minded citizens in the country.
  • To encourage the people as well as popularize the Science and Technology.

Themes of National Science Day

  • The theme of the year 1999 was “Our Changing Earth”.
  • The theme of the year 2000 was “Recreating Interest in Basic Science”.
  • The theme of the year 2001 was “Information Technology for Science Education”.
  • The theme of the year 2002 was “Wealth from Waste”.
  • The theme of the year 2003 was “50 years of DNA & 25 years of IVF – The blue print of Life”.
  • The theme of the year 2004 was “Encouraging Scientific Awareness in Community”.
  • The theme of the year 2005 was “Celebrating Physics”.
  • The theme of the year 2006 was “Nurture Nature for our future”.
  • The theme of the year 2007 was “More Crop Per Drop”.
  • The theme of the year 2008 was “Understanding the Planet Earth”.
  • The theme of the year 2009 was “Expanding Horizons of Science”.
  • The theme of the year 2010 was “Gender Equity, Science & Technology for Sustainable Development”.
  • The theme of the year 2011 was “Chemistry in Daily Life”.
  • The theme of the year 2012 was “Clean Energy Options and Nuclear Safety”.
  • The theme of the year 2013 was “Genetically Modified Crops and Food Security”.
  • The theme of the year 2014 was “Fostering Scientific Temper”.
  • The theme of the year 2015 was “Science for Nation Building”.